Tag Archives: ARJ 78

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ARJ 78 | July 2016 Contents


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From the Chairman and Executive Editor


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From the Chairman and Executive Editor


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Dr. Larrie D. Ferreiro

Chairman Larrie FerreiroThe theme for this edition of Defense Acquisition Research Journal is “Tran-sitioning to the Future.” The first article, “Application of System and Integration Readiness Levels to Department of Defense Research and Development” by Sean Ross, demonstrates how to move beyond the Technology Readiness Level system of estimating technological maturity, which was developed by NASA in the 1980s. He shows how the modern paradigm is to combine Technology, Integration, and Manufacturing Readiness Levels into a single metric—System Readiness Level—which can be used as a more robust indicator of the maturity of the technology transfer process.

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Application of System and Integration Readiness Levels to Department of Defense Research and Development


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Author: Sean Ross

Technology Readiness Level only tells part of the story of system maturation. As component technologies are developed to become part of systems, there are also integration and manufacturing issues to consider. This article improves upon the System and Integration Readiness Level concepts previously developed by B. J. Sauser et al., combines the concepts of Technology, Integration, and Manufacturing Readiness Levels, adapted for use in defense acquisition, into a single metric—System Readiness Level. This metric can then be used as an indicator to identify areas for resource allocation to enable the most efficient path to technology transition and to prevent premature system advancement.

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Wartime Construction Project Outcomes as a Function of Contract Type


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Authors: Capt Ryan Hoff, USAF, Maj Gregory Hammond, USAF, Lt Col Peter Feng, USAF, and Edward White

The United States has spent more than $23 billion on construction in Afghanistan since 2001. The dynamic security situation created substantial project uncertainty, and many construction projects used cost-plus-fixed-fee contracts (CPFF) instead of the firm-fixed-price (FFP) norm. Using a dataset of 25 wartime construction projects managed by the Air Force Civil Engineer Center, the authors sought to confirm that both contract types yield project outcomes consistent with the established literature. As expected, they found CPFF contracts had greater cost and schedule growth than FFP. However, they did not find differences regarding as-built quality. Additionally, the authors sought to determine whether CPFF contracts exhibited greater construction risks than FFP contracts. They found no significant differences between contract types in terms of security incidents or other environmental factors. This research may be particularly relevant to military owners who contract projects in wartime environments.

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